Kathmandu originally known as “Kantipur” borrowed its name from Kasthmandap (pilgrim resthouse) of Kathmandu Durbar Square. The history of Kathmandu is also known as history of Newar community. Newar are the main inhabitants of the valley. The documented history of Kathmandu valley dates back to Kirat dynasty around 7th BC. Meanwhile, Kathmandu city flourished during Malla Dynasty era. Most of the magnificent temple, monuments & buildings which we see in heritage sites were made during this time.
The foundation of modern Kathmandu valley was laid in Malla dynasty around 12th century AD. Kathmandu was independent city with in the valley, united by Malla dynasty in 14th century and ruled from Bhaktapur. In 15th century, Kathmandu valley was divided into three kingdom, Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Patan. Rivalry among the three cities brought weakness and later invade by Prithvi Narayan Shah in 1768. From then Kathmandu became capital of Nepal.
2015 earthquake destroyed much part of UNESCO heritage sites and old monuments.
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